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Diwali

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Topic: Diwali

Learning Outcomes

The child will be enabled to:

  • understand what Diwali is and when it is celebrated;
  • understand the meaning of the lamp;
  • recall the story of Rama and Sita;
  • recall how the festival is celebrated.

 

Introduction

Introduce the class to the word Diwali and what it means;

Complete a KWL chart in groups, establishing the prior knowledge of the class.

Development

Using a powerpoint presentation, explain to the class the origins of Diwali. Help the class to understand how Diwali is celebrated and how people prepare for the festival. Understand and identify the different symbols associated with Diwali.

Listen to and recall the story of Rama and Sita. Work in pairs to retell this story.

Introduce the class to Rangoli patterns and the significance of these patterns to the festival Diwali.

Plenary

Complete the KWL chart in groups from the beginning of the lesson.

Take part in an art lesson creating a Rangoli pattern and display these in the classroom.

Listen to or read the ebook “Dipal’s Diwali ebook”

 

Other Resources for teaching this topic

https://www.twinkl.ie/resource/dipals-diwali-ebook-t-or-2028

 

https://www.twinkl.ie/resource/t-t-4296-diwali-powerpoint

 

https://www.twinkl.ie/resource/t2-g-062-rangoli-patterns-templates

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Diwali: Hindu Festival of Light

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Topic:

Diwali: Hindu Festival of Light

LT focus:

Discuss similarities and differences across the major belief systems and identify common links

Research the diversity of specific traditions such as the differing celebrations across the world

Look at and respond to the differing art forms associated with festivals

Introduction

Day 1:

On the IWB, display some images of Lakshmi (the goddess of wealth and prosperity)

Ask the children if they know who this character is.

Do they know from which religion this character may be found?

Explain that we will be researching the Hindu and Sikh celebration of Diwali (also spelt and pronounced Divali)

Display a range of images representing Diwali. (see below)

Ask the children to access

http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/religion/diwali.htm

Ask the children to discuss this celebration in a ‘think, pair share” group under the headings:

What is Diwali? Where is it celebrated?

When is Diwali? How long does it last?

Why is it celebrated?

What is the Diwali story?

What does Diwali Mean?

What happens during Diwali?

Giving each group a focus, ask them to relate back to the class the most important aspects

Development

Days 2 – 5:

Over the coming days, the children could engage is different tasks including

  1. Making Salt Dough Candle Holders https://nurturestore.co.uk/diwali-activity-craft-ideas-salt-dough-candle-holders
  2. Making edidle Doodh Peda (sweet biscuits) https://kidworldcitizen.org/try-these-easy-doodh-peda-indian-sweets-for-diwali/
  3. Edible Diya Craft http://www.littlefoodjunction.com/2014/10/happy-diwali.html#.XIZB6hP7TBL
  4. Flame Craft https://www.crayola.com/crafts/diwali-light-craft/
  5. Rangoli Colouring Craft https://www.activityvillage.co.uk/rangoli/

Plenary

Can the children find any similarities and differences between this festival and other festivals that they are aware of?

Do some of these traditions remind them of other traditions in other celebrations?

The children could share their crafts and activities on their LT table and/or at assembly.

Other teacher resources for teaching this topic:

On Google Classroom, children could create a document based on Diwali for homework. As the week progresses, they could use these as a class discussion opener.

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Diwali

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Topic:

Diwali

LT focus:

Explore how the Hindu festival Diwali is celebrated

Examine the art associated with Diwali

Introduction

Write Diwali on the board and explain that it is the Hindu festival of light

Tell the children the story of Sita and Rama using cutouts, to give them a background of why Diwali is celebrated

Development

Look at videos and pictures of people celebrating Diwali, focusing on the art and lights used during the celebrations.

Discuss other religious festivals or celebrations that use light. Discuss the similarities and differences between the use of light in such festivals

Plenary

Children create a lantern out of paper and decorate it with many colours.

Other teacher resources for teaching this topic:

An extension activity: create a rangoli design

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Diwali

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Topic:

Diwali

LT focus:

  • examine the foods associated with some belief systems.
  • understand the purpose and joy of celebration
  • explore special celebrations that we share with others such as birthdays and special days
  • begin to explore festivals such as Diwali

Background for teacher: Diwali is a 5 day celebration known as the Festival of Lights. It occurs either in October or November and is primarily associated with the Hindu religion, although it is also celebrated by Sikhs and Jains. There are many mythological explanations for the story but it’s underlying meaning is fairly consistent across all interpretations. It is generally accepted as being a celebration of light over darkness, good over evil and knowledge over ignorance. This is signified by the lighting of ‘diya’ lamps. For many Hindus these clay lamps are also used so that Lakshmi the goddess of wealth can find her way into individual homes. For the same reason windows and doors are often left open.

Introduction

Write “Diwali” on the board. Explain it comes from a festival called Diwali where Hindus light “diya” lamps. They light lamps to show the defeat of light over darkness. It is a 5 day festival of lights. Explain that people from the Hindu faith also clean their house, have firework displays, wear new clothes and make food for celebrations during Diwali.

Development

Read the story of Rama and Sita at https://www.earlylearninghq.org.uk/earlylearninghq-blog/diwali-teaching-resources/

Have children retell story using a simple 3-act story of start, middle and end. Children can respond through drama or drawing/painting or mixed media.

Plenary

Can children think of other times that we use lights to celebrate throughout the year? Christmas, Hannukah, Halloween etc

Other teacher resources for teaching this topic:

In addition to these rituals some other common activities during Diwali include:

  • Wearing new clothes
  • Cleaning the home
  • Firework displays
  • Preparing festive meals
  • Giving sweets as gifts to friends and family
  • Decorating buildings with lights